Centre for Black and African Arts and Civilization (CBAAC)
Ooni of Ife Oba Adeyeye
Director-General of CBAAC paid a courtesy visit to the Ooni of Ife, His Imperial Majesty, Oba Adeyeye Ogunwusi
Olusegun Obasanjo
Chief Olusegun Obasanjo, Director General CBAAC, with some members of Staff of CBAAC, during a courtesy visit to Chief Obasanjo
Prof. Wole Shoyinka
Director General CBAAC discusing with Noble Laureate Prof. Wole Soyinka
Festac '77 Opening Parade.
Festac '77 Parade by Equatorial Guinea.
Reflection of FESTAC '77

Brief on FESTAC '77

The Second World Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture which was held in Lagos, Nigeria from January 15 to February 12, 1977 has a long history behind it. From Drama (Tragedy, Comedy, Humoristic plays, poetic recital, children’s show), Music (Traditional African Music, Traditional African-American Music, Traditional Afro-Caribbean Music, Modern-African Music, Modern Australasian Music, etc), Dance(Traditional African Dances, Traditional Afro-American Dances, Ballets, Contemporary Dance Theatre, Traditional Caribbean Dances, etc.), Film (Feature Films, Short Length Films, Documentary Films, etc.) Literature, Colloquium, Gala Night, Popular Dressing down to Exhibition (Exhibition on Religion, Exhibition on Royalty and Chieftaincy, Exhibition on Modern Architecture, Tribute to African Womanhood Exhibition, etc.) including Nigeria’s Special events (2000 years of Nigerian Art and Culture, Durbar, Boat Regatta) were some of the activities/events that pulled thousands of people from over 59 Black and African Countries and Communities according to information gathered from reports of FESTAC.  
They include but not limited to Brazil, Cuba, United States of America, United Kingdom and Ireland, Australia,   Ethiopia, Sudan, Zambia, Swaziland, Kenya, Senegal, Uganda, Tanzania, Zaire, Burundi, Lesotho, Cameroun, Egypt, Tunisia, The Black Community in Holland, Trinidad and Tobago, Libya, Surinam, Mali, Ghana, Gabon, The Black Community in Germany, Zimbabwe, Algeria, amongst others.
While the 2nd World Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture lasted for good (twenty-nine days) 29 days having today’s FESTAC TOWN as the then Festival accommodation for the period of that event. The Black Cultural Festival which held in Darkar, Senegal in April, 1966 lasted for only (2weeks) 14 days.

However, Nigeria was named the STAR COUNTRY at Darkar Festival which was the first of its kind, in recognition of her rich cultural heritage, and thus was invited to host the Second Festival to improve on what took place in Darkar. This was at that time scheduled for 1970. However, due to the 1967-1970 Nigerian civil war and its aftermath, it could not be held that year.

The title Second World Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture was officially amended by the International Festival Committee after its second meeting held in Lagos from 26-31 March, 1973. This was to facilitate the participation of Arab Countries in North Africa which, though African, are not Black. The International Festival Committee categorically stated at its second meeting that the Festival would be open to four categories of participants:
  1. All African Countries;
  2. All Black Communities in all countries of the World;
  • The Liberation movements recognised by the O.A.U now AU and;
  1. All Member Countries of the O.A.U (AU).
The participating Countries throughout the Black and African World were divided into administrative zones, each consisting of a number of Countries.

The Festival Emblem, the Festival Flag, the Festival Anthem were approved for the Festival by the International Festival Committee (IFC).

The Festival Emblem: The festival Emblem was a world- famous 16th Century Ivory Mask worn as a pectoral by Benin Kings on royal ceremonial occasions. It was last worn by King Ovoramwen who was dethroned at the fall of the Benin Empire in 1897.Report had it that since then, the renowned art object had remained in the British Museum whence it was removed by the British after the sack of Benin. Negotiations and diplomatic moves designed to secure the release of the mask for the Festival were unsuccessful and a replica had to be made by a Benin Ivory Sculptor.

The Festival Flag: The tricolour Festival Flag has three equal perpendicular rectangles. The two outside rectangles are in black and the central rectangle is in gold. Over the gold is superimposed centrally, The Festival Emblem. The black colour represents the Black people of the world while the gold depicts the cultural wealth of the Festival Participants and their association with the non-Black peoples of the world.

The Festival Anthem: The text of the Festival Anthem was extracted from a poem “For My People” written by an American Black woman, Mrs Margaret Walker. The poem has inspired millions of Black Americans in their struggle for survival in the United States. The refrain “Festac 77 is here” was introduced by Dr. Akin Euba of Nigeria who composed the music.

Drawing on the principal aim of the Second World Black and African Festival and Culture which was to promote unity among Black and African people and also to facilitate their world acceptance and ensure the revival, propagation and promotion of their access to world outlets through their contributions in visual arts exhibitions, arts, crafts, literature, music etc, to world civilization, we are bold to state today that the efforts of our heroes will never go in vain.

On this note we will want to sincerely congratulate His Excellency Lt-General Olusegun Obasanjo, former Head of State and the Festival Patron, under whose “roof” the actualisation of FESTAC”77 took place. It is indeed a giant stride to reflect on this day.

We take an honourable bow for our eminent organizers Commander O.P Fingesi, the Festival President, Col, Amodu Ali, The Chairman of Colloquium, Mr. Ambrose Mbia, the festival Secretary-General, Late Dr. P.O Zirimu, Director of Colloquium, may his noble soul Rest in Peace,  Prof. Wole Soyinka, the Nobel Prize Winner in Literature and many others.

You all made history through your efforts and hard work. More Power to your elbows!
Heads of State and Other V.I.P's that attended FESTAC '77 Festival 


Heads of State and Other V.I.P's that attended FESTAC '77 Festival

  1. King Moshoeshoe of Lesotho
  2. President Dauda Jawara of Gambia
  3. President Siaka Stevens of Sierra Leone
  4. President Omar Bongo of Gabon
  5. President Pinto Da-Costa of Sao Tome

Heads of State and Other V.I.P's that attended FESTAC '77 Festival continued

6. President Felix Houphoute-Biogny of Ivory Coast
7. President Felix Malloun of Chad
8. President Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia
9. President Gnassingbe Eyademe of Togo
10. President Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire
11. President Augustino Neto of Angola
12. President Ahmadu Ahidjo of Cameroun
13. President Seyni Koutche of Niger
14. President Sangoule Lamizana of Upper Volta
15. President William Tolbert of Liberia
16. Prime President Moktar Ould Daddah of Mauritania
17. Prime Minister of Swaziland, Colonel Mpahavu Diamini
18. Prime Minister of Antigua, Mr.V.C. Bird
19. Prime Minister of Guinea, Mr. Lansana Beavogui
20. Prime Minister of St. Kitts, P.C.Bradshaw
21. United States Ambassador at the United Nations, Mr. Andrew Young
22. The Wife of the Guinean President, Madam Andre Toure
23. The Wife of Guinea-Bissau President, Mrs. Lucete Cabral
24. Jamaican Calypso King Mighty Sparrow
25. South African Folk Singer, Mariam Makeba
26. Black American Singer, Stevelnd Morris (Steve Wonder)
27. UNESCO Secretary-General (Ahamdou M’Bow).


Dr. Anikwe Ferdinand Ikechukwu

 was born on the 15th of February, 1957 in Ihuonyia, Amansiodo Oghe, Ezeagu Local Government Area, Enugu State, Nigeria. He had his Primary Education at Community Primary School, Ihuonyia, Ezeagu Local Government Area of Enugu State between 1964-1972. His Elementary Education was interrupted by the Nigerian Civil War which began in 1967. However, he completed it in 1972 after cessation of hostilities.

His Educational progression continued in 1973 with his admission into Awo-Omamma Comprehensive Secondary School, Orlu, Imo State. He finished his post-primary education in 1977.

Between 1981 and 1985, Dr. Anikwe attended the prestigious University of Port Harcourt, River State where he bagged his first degree: Bachelor of Science in Political Science Education. In 1995, he earned a Master degree in Public Administration in Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT) Enugu State.


Eminent heroes during FESTAC 77
error: Not Allowed!!!